Trekking in Nepal - The Ultimate Guide

Publishded: 2023-03-25 | Total Views: 2898

''Trekking in Nepal is the most popular outdoor activity among travelers around the globe''. 

Home to many sky-scraper mountains, including Mt. Everest, Mt.Annapurna, Mt. Manaslu, and Mt. Kanchenjunga, it attracts millions of travelers every year.

Nepal has a rich cultural heritage and religious traditions, temples and monasteries, traditional music, and architecture to discover while traveling in Nepal. Nepal has many mountain regions, UNESCO heritage sites, national parks, glaciers, conservation areas, scenic lakes, and diverse wildlife, including tigers and rhinos.

It is crucial to prepare properly for a trek. We advise you to obtain the necessary permits and book accommodations in advance. Hiring a local guide is recommended to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

Trekking in Nepal is the peak of outdoor adventure, enticing people from all over the world. Nepal, known for its magnificent landscapes and high Himalayan peaks, provides an unforgettable trekking experience. The numerous treks, ranging from the famed Everest Base Camp to the culturally rich Annapurna Circuit, draw travelers seeking both physical challenge and spiritual peace. The warmth of local hospitality, varied cultures, and the temptation of reaching new heights make for an unforgettable voyage. Trekking in Nepal remains the most popular outdoor activity, leaving an unforgettable impact on the hearts of travelers from all over the world.

trekking in nepal in p...


10 of the best treks in Nepal

1. Annapurna Circuit Trek

The Annapurna Circuit Trek is a popular trek in Nepal that leads you around the Annapurna range. It is an arduous trek in the country that takes 11 to 21 days to complete depending on the fitness level of the trekkers. 

The trek starts in the town of Besishahar. It follows the Marsyangdi River before entering the Thorong La Pass, the trek's highest point at 5,416 meters. The route then descends into the lush, fertile valley of the Kali Gandaki River, passing through picturesque villages, dense forests, and terraced fields.

 On the trail, you can experience the stunning views of several of the world's tallest peaks, including Annapurna I (8,091 meters), Dhaulagiri (8,167 meters), machhapuchhre (6,993 meters), and Nilgiri (7,061 meters). 

The Annapurna Circuit Trek is considered a moderate to challenging trek with a mix of steep ascents and descents and a few strenuous days crossing high passes. However, physically fit trekkers with some hiking experience can complete the trail successfully. 

Trek Facts to Remember

  • Region: Annapurna Region
  • Start/End: Bensisahar/  Jomsom
  • Best Season: March-May / Sept-November
  • Max. Altitude: 5,416 meters (Thorong La Pass)
  • Daily Walking Hours: 5-8 hours per day
  • Trek Grade: Challenging
  • Distance: 160-230 kilometers

Annapurna Circuit


2. Everest Base Camp Trek

The Everest Base Camp Trek is a popular trek in the world that can take you to the base of Mount Everest (8,848 meters). Everest Base Camp Trek offers a unique opportunity to see the beauty of Khumbu Valley, the culture of the Sherpa people, and Namche Bazaar and stand in the shadow of some of Mount Everest. 

The tracks follow the Khumbu Valley, passing through Sherpa villages and lush forests, with increasing views of the surrounding peaks. The main highlights of the trek include visiting Tengboche Monastery, exploring the Khumbu Glacier, and reaching the iconic Everest Base Camp (5,364 meters).

You can complete the EBC trek within 12 to 16 days, depending on your chosen itinerary. Starting and ending point of the trek is Lukla.

The trek is considered challenging due to its high elevation. However, most people can complete the trek with proper preparation and moderate fitness.

Trek Facts to Remember

  • Region: Everest Region
  • Start/End: Lukla/Lukla
  • Best Season: March-May / Sept-November
  • Max. Altitude: 5,545 meters (Kala Patthar)
  • Daily Walking Hours: 5-7 hours
  • Trek Grade: Moderate to difficult
  • Distance: 130  kilometers

Everest Base Camp Trek


3. Langtang Valley Trek

The Langtang Valley Trek is a lesser-known but equally stunning trail in Nepal. It's less crowded than some other popular trekking destinations in Nepal. But it still offers a truly authentic and immersive experience, surrounded by towering peaks and lush alpine forests.

Your trek starts in the town of Syabrubesi. It takes you through lush forests, past crystal-clear rivers, and across bamboo bridges to the heart of the Langtang Valley. Along the way, you can enjoy panoramic views of the Langtang Lirung and other snow-capped peaks and visit traditional Tamang villages and hot springs.

The trek reaches its highest point at Kyanjin Gompa (3,870 meters), where you can explore the surrounding glaciers, icefall, and peaks. The return journey follows the same trail back to Syabrubesi.

Depending on your fitness and itinerary, it is a moderate to challenging trek that takes 7 to 14 days to complete.

Trek Facts to Remember

  • Region: Langtang Region
  • Start/End: Sybrubensi/Sybrubensi
  • Best Season: March-May / Sept-November
  • Max. Altitude: 4,984 meters (Tserko Ri)
  • Daily Walking Hours: 4 - 6 hours
  • Trek Grade: Moderate to difficult
  • Distance: 60 - 80 kilometers 

trekking in nepal


4. Manaslu Circuit Trek

The Manaslu Circuit Trek is a hidden gem in the trekking world that offers adventure-seekers a truly unique and immersive experience. Located in the central region of Nepal, the trek takes you around the 8th highest mountain in the world, Mount Manaslu (8,163 meters), through pristine wilderness and traditional villages.

Embarking on the Manaslu Circuit Trek means embarking on a journey through time as you traverse remote areas unspoiled mainly by tourism.

One of the trek's highlights is reaching the Larkya La Pass (5,135 meters). It offers breathtaking views of the surrounding peaks and glaciers. You'll also be able to explore the diverse flora, fauna, and endangered snow leopard on the trails.

The Manaslu circuit trek takes around 12 to 21 days to complete and is considered challenging. It can be completed by those with good physical fitness and a moderate level of hiking experience. It's essential to properly prepare and hire a local guide to ensure your safety.

Trek Facts to Remember

  • Region: Manaslu Region
  • Start/End: Sotikhola/Besisahar
  • Best Season: March-May / Sept-November
  • Max. Altitude: 5,160 meters (Larkya La Pass)
  • Daily Walking Hours: 4 - 6 hours
  • Trek Grade: Challenging
  • Distance: 177 kilometer



5. Everest Gokyo Lake Trek

The Gokyo Lakes Trek is one of the best trekking journeys through the heart of the Nepalese Himalayas. This trek takes you to the stunning glacial lakes in the Gokyo Valley. One of the trek's highlights is the climb to Gokyo Ri (5,357 meters), which offers panoramic views of the surrounding peaks and glaciers. You'll also have the opportunity to explore the Gokyo Lakes themselves, surrounded by towering peaks and glaciers.

The trek starts in Lukla and takes you through the bustling Sherpa town of Namche Bazaar before heading up the valley to the remote Gokyo Lakes. Along the way, you'll cross suspension bridges, pass traditional villages, and see monasteries and stupas that dot the landscape.

The Gokyo Lakes Trek is a moderate to challenging trek that generally takes around 10 to 18 days to complete depending on the hiker's pace. However, most people can complete the trek with proper preparation and moderate fitness.

Lastly, Gokyo Lakes Trek is a must-do for anyone looking for an incredible trekking experience in Nepal, surrounded by breathtaking mountain scenery and rich cultural heritage.

Trek Facts to Remember

  • Region: Everest Region
  • Start/End: Lukla/Lukla
  • Best Season: March-May / Sept-November
  • Max. Altitude: 5,357 meters (Gok1.5yo Ri)
  • Daily Walking Hours: 4-6 hours
  • Trek Grade: Moderate to difficult
  • Distance: 60-80 kilometers


Gokyo Lake Trek 


6. Everest Three-Passes Trek

The Three Passes Trek is a challenging and rewarding trek in Nepal that takes you through the heart of the sky-scraper mountains. The trek follows three high passes, the Kongma La Pass (5,535 meters), the Cho La Pass (5,420 meters), and the Renjo La Pass (5,340 meters), which offer stunning views of the Himalayan range and glaciers.

The trek starts in Lukla and takes you through the bustling Sherpa town of Namche Bazaar before heading up the valley to the remote Gokyo Lakes. From there, you'll continue to the Three Passes, crossing high alpine passes and passing traditional villages, monasteries, and stupas along the way.

The Three Passes Trek is considered a challenging trek that demands strength. This trail takes around 14 to 21 days to complete, depending on the fitness and itinerary of the trekker. However, you can complete the trek with proper preparation and a high fitness level.

Lastly, the Three Passes Trek is a true adventure for anyone looking for a challenging and rewarding trekking experience in Nepal. With breathtaking mountain scenery, rich cultural heritage, and the thrill of crossing high alpine passes, the Three Passes Trek is a must-do for any seasoned trekker.

Trek Facts to Remember

  • Region: Everest Region
  • Start/End: Lukla/Lukla
  • Best Season: March-May / Sept-November
  • Max. Altitude: 5,643 meters (Kongma La Pass)
  • Daily Walking Hours: 5-7 hours
  • Trek Grade: Challenging
  • Distance: 160-190 kilometers


Three Pass Trek  


7. Upper Mustang Trek

The Upper Mustang Trek is a unique and fascinating trek in Nepal that takes you through the ancient Kingdom of Mustang. It is one of the world's last remaining traditional Tibetan Buddhist cultures. The trek offers a window into the ancient culture and way of life of the people of Mustang, with traditional villages, monasteries, and even fortresses along the way.

The trek starts in Pokhara and takes you through the arid and desolate landscapes of the Mustang region, passing by the famous Kali Gandaki Gorge and the impressive Mount Nilgiri along the way. The trek also takes you to the ancient capital city of Lo Manthang, a hidden gem surrounded by towering peaks and deserts.

The Upper Mustang Trek is a moderate to challenging trek, taking around 10 to 21 days to complete, depending on the pace and itinerary of the trekker. However, most people can complete the trek with proper preparation and moderate fitness.

The Upper Mustang Trek is a must-do for anyone looking for a unique and cultural trekking experience in Nepal. With its rich cultural heritage, stunning landscapes, and friendly locals, the Upper Mustang Trek offers an unforgettable adventure that is truly one of a kind.


Trek Facts to Remember

  • Region: Mustang Region
  • Start/End: Jomsom/Jomsom
  • Best Season: March-May / Sept-November
  • Max. Altitude: 3,840 meters (Lo La Pass)
  • Daily Walking Hours: 5-7 hours
  • Tek Grade: Moderate to difficult
  • Distance: 120-200 kilometers

trekking in nepal  


8. Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek

The Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek is popular and scenic in Nepal. It offers stunning views of the Annapurna mountain range, beautiful rhododendron forests, traditional villages, and terraced fields.

The trek starts in Pokhara and takes you through the charming villages of Ghandruk and Tadapani before reaching the famous viewpoint of Poon Hill (3,210 meters). Poon Hill offers panoramic views of the Annapurna range and surrounding peaks.

The Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek is relatively easy, taking around 5 to 9 days to complete, depending on the pace of the trekker. It is also an excellent option for families and those with limited time. It offers a taste of the Himalayan culture and scenery in a shorter time frame.

The Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek is a must-do for anyone looking for a scenic and shorter trekking experience in Nepal. With its stunning mountain views, beautiful forests, and traditional villages, the Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek is an excellent option for anyone looking to experience the beauty of the Nepalese Himalayas.


Trek Facts to Remember

  • Region: Annapurna Region
  • Start/End: Nayapul/Nayapul
  • Best Season: March-May / Sept-November
  • Max. Altitude: 3,210 (Poon Hill)
  • Daily Walking Hours: 4-6 hours
  • Trek Grade: Easy to Moderate
  • Distance: 32-48  kilometers 

Ghorepani Pooh Hill Trek


9. Annapurna Base Camp Trek

The Annapurna Base Camp is a classic and popular trek in Nepal. The trek offers breathtaking views of some of the highest peaks in the world, including Annapurna I, Annapurna II, Annapurna III, Annapurna IV, Machhapuchhre (Fishtail), and Hiunchuli.

The trek begins in the beautiful lakeside city of Pokhara. It takes you through charming traditional villages, terraced fields, and lush rhododendron forests before reaching the Annapurna Base Camp (4,130 meters). The base camp is a stunning location surrounded by towering peaks, making it an unforgettable experience.

During the trek, you'll also have the opportunity to visit local People, the hot springs in Jhinu, the Machhapuchhre base camp, and the stunning mountain village of Deurali.

The Annapurna Base Camp Trek is a must-do for anyone looking for a classic and scenic trekking experience in Nepal. With its breathtaking mountain views, traditional villages, and rich cultural heritage, the Annapurna Base Camp Trek offers an unforgettable, unique adventure.


Trek Facts to Remember

  • Region: Annapurna Region
  • Start/End: Nayapul/Pokhara
  • Best Season: March-May / Sept-November
  • Max. Altitude: 4,130meters (AnnapurnaBase Camp)
  • Daily Walking Hours: 5-6 hours
  • Trek Grade: Moderate to difficult
  • Distance: 130  kilometers

Annapurna Base Camp Bo...


10. Everest Cho La Pass Trek

The Everest Cho La Pass is a challenging and adventurous trek in Nepal. The trek offers stunning views of some of the highest peaks in the world, including Mount Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, and Ama Dablam.

The trek starts in the famous Sherpa village of Lukla. It takes you through the beautiful alpine valleys of Namche Bazaar and Tengboche before crossing Chola Pass (5,420 meters). The Chola Pass offers breathtaking views of the surrounding peaks and is considered one of the most challenging parts of the trek.

Along the journey, you'll also have the opportunity to visit traditional Sherpa villages and monasteries and experience the rich cultural heritage of the Solu-Khumbu region.

The Everest Cho La Pass Trek is a must-do for anyone looking for a challenging and adventurous trekking experience in Nepal. With its stunning mountain views, rich cultural heritage, and breathtaking alpine valleys, the Everest Cho La Pass Trek offers a truly unforgettable adventure.


Trek Facts to Remember

  • Region: Everest Region
  • Start/End: Lukla/Lukla
  • Best Season: March-May / Sept-November
  • Max. Altitude: 5,420meters (Cho La Pass)
  • Daily Walking: Hours 5-7 hours
  • Trek Grade: Strenuous
  • Distance: 120  kilometers



Best Nepal Trekking Season

Autumn (September to November) and Spring (March to May) are considered the best season for trekking in Nepal. Both seasons offer clear weather conditions, making it an excellent time for trekking enthusiasts to explore beautiful Nepalese landscapes and mountain ranges.


1. The Autumn Season

The first two months of the dry season, October and November, offer the best weather for trekking, and the main trails are heaving with trekkers at this time, for a good reason. The air, freshly laundered by the monsoon rains, is crystal clear, the mountain scenery is superb, and the weather is still comfortably warm.


2. The Spring Season

From March to May, the mountain ranges come to life with vibrant blooms of rhododendron flowers and stunning views of the peaks. Spring is a popular season for trekking in Nepal, offering clear skies, mild temperatures, and blooming rhododendron forests. At this time, popular trekking routes such as Annapurna Circuit, Everest Base Camp, and Langtang Valley can be crowded.


3. The Summer Season

The trails can be dangerously slippery from June to August due to the heavy rainfall, and raging rivers often wash away bridges and stretches of trails. However, the summer months also offer lush, green landscapes and stunning views of the mountains. It's a great time to trek if you don't mind the occasional rain shower.


4. The Winter Season

December to February is still a good time for trekking in Nepal. Still, the cold can be bitter and dangerous at high altitudes. Getting up to Everest base camp and Annapurna Circuit can be a natural endurance due to the cold temperatures and snow at high elevations. If you're an experienced trekker, this season offers some of the best views of the mountain ranges, with clear, crisp skies and pristine white landscapes.

Best Trekking Season


Nepal Tourist Visa on Arrival

How do you obtain a tourist visa on arrival? We'll provide you with all the information to obtain a tourist visa for Nepal.

Be sure of the visa type you need to obtain

The first step in obtaining a tourist visa for Nepal is finding out what kind of visa you need to travel in Nepal. Nepal offers several types of tourist visas:

  • 15-day multiple entry visas.
  • 30-day multiple entry visas.
  • 90-day multiple entry visas.

Required Documents

The following documents are required to obtain a Nepalese tourist visa:

  • A valid passport with at least six months of validity remaining.
  • A completed visa application form.
  • Two passport-size photos.
  • Nepal Entry visa fees are in cash (US dollars or equivalent in local currency).

Tourist Visa Fees

The fees for the Nepalese tourist visa in Nepal vary depending on the length of stay and the type of visa. As of 2023, the fees are as follows:

  • 15-day tourist visa: USD 30.
  • 30-day tourist visa: USD 50.
  • 90-day tourist visa: USD 125.

Visa Extension Fees

Tourist visa extension is done for at least 15 days with USD 45 and USD 3 per day for additional days. If a delay of fewer than 150 days, an additional USD 5 per day will be a late fine.


10 Helpful Tips for Trekking in Nepal

Before you go, here are some tips for trekking in Nepal:

  • Choose the suitable trek for you depending on your fitness level and experience.
  • Prepare well by researching the terrain, climate, and other essential factors.
  • Bring appropriate clothing and footwear, as weather conditions can change quickly.
  • Pack light but intelligent by bringing essential items such as a first aid kit and insect repellent.
  • Carry plenty of water and snacks to keep your energy levels up.
  • Make sure your accommodation is pre-booked before embarking on your trek.
  • Hire a local guide or porter to help navigate challenging terrain or provide the necessary support.
  •  Listen to the locals for advice about safety and trail conditions.
  • Develop an understanding of Nepali culture and respect local customs and beliefs. 
  • Carry a map and compass with you always in case you get lost.



Packing List for Nepal Trekking 

Are you wondering about the equipment you should carry while trekking in Nepal? Here you go:-


  • Duffel pack
  • Day pack
  • Down jacket
  • Sleeping bag (rated to zero degrees F *)



  • Hat
  • Scarf
  • Light balaclava
  • Warm fleece hat
  • Sunglasses



  • Thin, lightweight inner socks
  • Thick woolen hiking socks
  • Hiking boots
  • Spare laces
  • Camp shoes (sneakers/ sandals)
  • Gaiters



  • Thin, lightweight gloves
  • Warm gloves
  • Waterproof shell outer



  • Undergarments
  • Hiking shorts
  • Lightweight cotton long pants
  • Light and expedition-weight thermal bottoms
  • Fleece or wool pants
  • Waterproof shell pants



  • T-shirts,
  • Light and expedition-weight thermal tops,
  • Fleece jacket
  • Fleece windproof jacket
  • waterproof shell jacket



  • Headlamp
  • spare bulbs/batteries
  • Basic First Aid Kit
  • Large plastic bags
  • Trekking Poles
  • Water bottles
  • Ear Plug



  • Toothbrush/paste
  • Multipurpose soap
  • Nail cutter
  • Small mirror
  • Wet wipes
  • Tissue /toilet roll
  • Antibacterial handwash



  • Binoculars
  • Reading a book
  • Trail Map/Guidebook
  • Journal & Pen
  • Pencils and small notebooks
  • Travel games


How to train for trekking In Nepal?

Training before trekking in Nepal is essential for physical fitness. It is vital to ensure that you have a successful and enjoyable trek. The train is especially needed for the more challenging routes such as the Annapurna Circuit and the Everest Base Camp Trek. Regular exercise and strength training can help you prepare for the demanding trek and reduce the risk of injury. Here are some tips for training for treks in Nepal:

  • Start early: We suggest you train several months before your trip to give yourself enough time to build endurance, strength, and flexibility.
  • Cardiovascular Exercise: Start to engage in cardiovascular exercises such as running, cycling, or swimming to improve your endurance.
  • Resistance training: Resistance training in your workout routine to build strength in your legs, core, and upper body will help you stay fit.
  • Hiking and stair climbing: We recommend you start hiking and climbing stairs to prepare your body for the demands of trekking in Nepal.
  • Practice with a backpack: You can practice carrying a backpack that weighs 10-15% of your body weight during your hikes to simulate the weight. What you will carry during your trek will help you succeed in the Nepal trek.
  • Altitude Training: Our other tip is to acclimate to high altitudes by hiking in the mountains or using a high-altitude training facility.
  • Gradually increase the intensity: Lastly, Increase the intensity and duration of your training gradually over time to prevent injury.


What are the exciting facts about Trekking In Nepal? 

  • Nepal is famous for trekking, with the Himalayas offering numerous trekking routes.
  • Popular treks include the Annapurna Circuit, the Everest Base Camp Trek, the Annapurna Base Camp Trek, and the Langtang Valley Trek.
  • The trekking season in Nepal is typically from September to November and March to May, with the best weather.
  • A permit is required for trekking in protected areas of Nepal, such as the Annapurna Conservation Area.
  • You should be prepared for basic camping and carry appropriate warm clothing and waterproof gear.
  • You can hire porters and guides for treks.
  • Properly disposing of waste and respecting local cultures and the environment are the responsible trekking practice you need to follow on the trail.


History of Trekking In Nepal

  • Trekking in Nepal has a long history, with locals using trails for trade and religious pilgrimage for centuries.
  • The first trekker in Nepal was Bill Tilman, who wrangled permission to make treks around the Kali Gandaki, Helambu, and Solu Khumbu in 1949. 
  • Boris Lissanevitch, a White Russian ballet dancer, convinced King Tribhuvan that people would be interested in visiting Nepal. 
  • Colonel James Roberts was the first to realize that trekking might appeal to tourists and founded Nepal's first trekking company.
  • The decade of the 1950s witnessed the golden age of Himalayan climbing, with 13 of the world's 14 peaks over 8000 climbed for the first time between 1950 and 1960.

 View from Mardi Trek


Can I Trek In Nepal without a Guide?

No, it is not possible to trek in Nepal without a guide. Nepal Tourism Board mandated guides after 01 April 2023. According to the new policy, FITs will not be allowed to trek in Nepal without being hired by a licensed guide. The policy is intended to promote responsible tourism and enhance the safety of trekkers in Nepal. 

This policy also aims to protect Nepal's natural resources and the environment by ensuring that trekkers follow the rules and regulations of the trekking areas. A guide can provide valuable information about local culture, customs, and trekking conditions and help with navigation, language barriers, and permit requirements. A guide can also support the local economy and help ensure responsible and sustainable trekking practices. Learn more here.

Tilicho Lake (2)


Trekking in Nepal for Beginners

Here are five popular family-friendly treks in Nepal for beginners:

1. Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek

Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek is a short and relatively easy trek that offers traditional Gurung villages stunning views of the Annapurna range from the Poon Hill viewpoint. Poon hill trek is considered one of the easy treks for seniors and kids as well as beginners hiker.


2. Langtang Valley Trek

Easy hikes for beginners, Langtang Valley Trek, offers a chance to explore remote mountain villages and glaciers in a less crowded area. Langtang Valley is the trek through the Langtang National Park, with diverse landscapes, including lush forests, alpine meadows, and glaciers, and opportunities to visit traditional Tamang villages.


3. Annapurna Base Camp Trek

Annapurna Base Camp is an easy trek for first-time trekkers that takes to the base camp of Annapurna South, with opportunities to visit traditional Gurung villages and stunning mountain views. Annapurna Sanctuary Trek offers breathtaking views of the mountain and the surrounding landscape.


4. Upper Mustang Trek

Upper Mustang is a trek through the remote kingdom of Mustang, with opportunities to visit ancient Tibetan-style villages and monasteries and stunning mountain views.


5. Helambu Trekking

Short and easy trek, Helambu is a trek through the Helambu region, with opportunities to visit traditional Sherpa villages and stunning mountain views, including the Langtang range.


6. Everest View Trek

Everest View Trek offers a taste of the Himalayas and views of Mount Everest from Namche Bazaar. The 7-day trek shows you the stunning views of Mt.Everest, Mt.Ama Damble, Mt. Cho Oyu, and Mt.Lhotse.


7. The Royal Trek

Royal Trek takes you through rural villages and farmlands, offering a glimpse into local culture and daily life.


8. Tamang Heritage Trek

Tamang Heritage Trek takes you through the Tamang villages in the Langtang region, offering a unique cultural experience and stunning mountain views.



Trek Advise: "It is always best to consult with a local trekking company or tour operator to ensure the trek suits your family's needs and abilities. It is recommended to start with a shorter and easier trek, gradually work up to longer and more challenging treks, and seek professional advice before embarking on a trek."


What Makes Trekking In Nepal More Difficult?

Trekking in Nepal can be challenging, but the rewards are well worth it. Trekkers may encounter some difficulties:

  • Altitude sickness: Many popular treks in Nepal occur at high elevations, which can cause altitude sickness.
  • Physical exertion: Trekking can be physically demanding, especially at high elevations and on challenging terrain.
  • Weather: Unpredictable weather can make trekking conditions difficult and sometimes dangerous.
  • Accommodation: You may have to sleep in basic lodges or tents, which can be uncomfortable.
  • Food and water: Safe and hygienic food and water may be limited on some treks.
  • Health and hygiene: Basic hygiene facilities may not be available on some treks. You should maintain personal hygiene to avoid illnesses.
  • Transportation: Reaching the starting point of some treks may require challenging and time-consuming transportation
  • Culture shock: You may encounter different cultures and lifestyles, which may take some time to get used to.

Despite these difficulties, trekking in Nepal is a unique and unforgettable experience. Proper planning, preparation, and a positive attitude can help to minimize these difficulties.


Dolpo camping.jpg


Altitude Sickness

Altitude sickness is common among people who hike quickly to high altitudes above 2,400 meters (8,000 feet). It affects people who ascend too quickly without acclimatizing their bodies enough to adjust to the lower air pressure and thinner air. Altitude sickness can be mild, causing headaches and dizziness, or severe, leading to life-threatening conditions such as high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and high altitude cerebral edema (HACE).


Causes of Altitude Sickness

The following factors can be the causes of developing altitude sickness:

  • High altitude above 2,400 meters (8,000 feet)
  • Rapid ascent to high altitude
  • Lack of acclimatization
  • Physical exertion at high altitude
  • Dehydration
  • Use of alcohol or sleeping pills


Symptoms of Altitude Sickness

Altitude sickness can cause a range of symptoms. The symptoms usually appear within a few hours to a few days of hiking at high altitudes. There are some symptoms of altitude sickness:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Insomnia
  • Swelling of the hands, feet, and face
  • Confusion and disorientation
  • Cyanosis (bluish or purplish skin color)

In some cases, altitude sickness can lead to pulmonary edema (HAPE) and cerebral edema (HACE), life-threatening conditions requiring immediate medical attention.


What does HACE mean?

HACE stands for High Altitude Cerebral Edema; Brain swelling is caused by the lack of oxygen at high elevations. Confusion, headaches, seizures, and loss of consciousness are the symptoms of HACE.


What does HAPE mean?

HAPE stands for High Altitude Pulmonary Edema. It is a fluid buildup in the lungs caused by the lack of oxygen at high elevations. Shortness of breath, coughing, and chest tightness are the symptoms of HAPE.


Prevention of Altitude Sickness

The best way to prevent altitude sickness is to ascend gradually, acclimatize, stay hydrated, avoid alcohol, eat a high-carbohydrate diet, and consider medication under the guidance of a doctor.


Treatment of Altitude Sickness

The treatment for altitude sickness depends on the severity of the symptoms.

1. Mild cases of Altitude Sickness

You can often treat mild cases of altitude sickness with rest, hydration, and over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen. It is essential to avoid further ascent until symptoms improve.


2. Cases of HAPE and HACE

In such cases, starting immediate medical attention, including oxygen therapy, medications such as dexamethasone or acetazolamide, and descent to a lower altitude is essential. In several cases, it can quickly become life-threatening.


Insurance for Trekking In Nepal

It is always recommended to purchase comprehensive travel insurance before trekking in Nepal. It will cover unexpected expenses such as medical treatment, evacuation, trip cancellation, lost or stolen gear, etc.

Some of the things to look for in trekking insurance are:

  • Coverage for medical expenses, including hospitalization and repatriation.
  • Coverage for high-altitude trekking and adventure activities.
  • Coverage for emergency evacuation by helicopter
  • Adequate limits for medical expenses and evacuation costs.
  • Coverage for lost or stolen gear.
  • Coverage for repatriation of remains in case of death.
  • Coverage for trip cancellation or interruption


Our Suggestion: "Buying around for insurance, comparing policies and their coverage, and purchasing insurance from a reputable provider is recommended. Before purchasing insurance, it's advisable to read the policy carefully and understand the terms and conditions of your policies with their exclusions and limitations."


Foods and water on the Trekking In Nepal

Food on the Trail

Nepali cuisine is simple yet delicious. The food options available on the trail will mostly be local Nepali dishes. When embarking on the trek in Nepal, it's essential to remember that you will be trekking at elevations around the world's highest peaks. It means your body will need enough carbohydrates, protein, and nutrition to sustain the strenuous journey. Some of the popular dishes that you'll find on the trail include

Breakfast Options: Oatmeal, Cornflakes, French toast with jam, Local tsampa porridge, Eggs, Pancakes, Muesli slices of bread, Butter, Cheese, Honey, Tibetan bread or Chapati, Fruits and Vegetables, Hot drinks such as various teas, coffees, and hot chocolates.

Lunch and Dinner Options: Dhal Bhat and Tarkari, Tibetan bread, Sandwiches, Various Soups, Sherpa Stew, Steaks, Mo: Mo, Macaroni Dishes, Salad Pizza (tomato, mushroom, mixed), Tenduk Spaghetti Noodles, Thukpa, Pasta, Vegetable Curry, Potatoes, Vegetables, Snacks such as Papad and Prawn, Korean Ramen, Desserts like Rice Pudding and Apple Pie.


Water Options on the Trail

Water is critical when trekking in Nepal. Be sure to treat water before drinking. Here is how to drink clean on the trail:

1. Tap Water

It's unsafe to drink tap water in Nepal. It's essential to treat tap water before drinking it. You can treat tap water by boiling it or using water purification tablets.


2. Bottled Water

Bottled water is available to buy in most tea houses on the trail. It's not an environmentally friendly option as most plastic bottles end up in landfills. So, If you choose to buy it, dispose of it properly.


3. Water Purification Systems

Water purification systems such as Steripen and LifeStraw are excellent options for trekkers. They are easy to use and can purify water from any source.


Hydration Tips,

  • Staying hydrated is crucial while trekking in Nepal. Here are some hydration tips to keep in mind:
  • Drink water regularly throughout the day.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol, as it can dehydrate your body.


The Longest Trekking Trails In Nepal

The Great Himalayan Trail (GHT) is the longest trekking route in Nepal. The GHT is a 1700-km long trail that runs from the eastern border of Nepal to the western border crossing through the country's entire length and showcasing the best Himalayas of Nepal.

The trail takes approximately 160-180 days to complete and covers some of Nepal's most remote and beautiful regions. It includes almost all of the trekking region of Nepal, which offers breathtaking views of the many landscapes, lush forests, unique, and Himalayan scenery. The trail offers stunning mountain views, cultural experiences, and opportunities to see wildlife.

The GHT is a challenging trek that requires a high level of fitness, experience, and a team of fellow trekkers to complete successfully.


Responsible Trekking In Nepal

Several trekking routes in Nepal promote responsible and sustainable tourism. Some of the popular ones are:

  • Choose a responsible trekking company that prioritizes environmentally sustainable practices and fair wages for its staff.
  • Respect the environment by minimizing your impact, using reusable bottles, and properly disposing of waste.
  • Conserve water by using it responsibly and considering a water filtration system.
  • Respect local culture by dressing modestly, asking permission before taking photographs, and avoiding disruption of local customs.
  • Support the local economy by buying locally-made souvenirs, staying in locally-owned lodges, and hiring local guides and porters.
  • Consider your carbon footprint by offsetting your impact through supporting organizations that plant trees or use renewable energy.

Poon Hill View Point


Accommodation During Trekking In Nepal

In the Cities Area

A wide range of hotel and resort options is available to travelers in Nepal. Whether you're looking for a budget-friendly tourist standard hotel or a luxurious 5-star hotel, you can choose the right one. If you're on a tight budget, traveler hostels are also an option, with prices ranging from USD 3 to USD 7 per night.

Major cities of Nepal offer 5-star hotels with world-class hospitality, while some remote locations in the Himalayas offer luxurious stays. The price for a tourist standard three-star hotel can cost from USD 40 and above. Meanwhile, decent hotel rooms can be found for USD 15 and above in the popular cities in Nepal.


During Trekking Days

Accommodation on the trekking trail varies depending on the region and trekking trail. The Everest and Annapurna regions have a wide range of lodges and teahouses. The route offers luxury to budget-friendly lodges with modern facilities and services. Other regions such as Kanchenjunga, Manaslu, Upper Mustang, Dolpo, Helambu, Langtang, and more have basic accommodation facilities. Some trails may even require camping.

Moreover, the lodges or tea houses along the trekking trail in the Himalayas offer twin shared rooms with an attached or common washroom. The rooms are usually small with minimal furnishings, and as altitude increases, the accommodations become essential.

Tea House In Langtang


Flights And Transportations

Transportation in Nepal is relatively limited and can be challenging. Still, several options are available for getting to trekking destinations:

Domestic Flights

When trekking to a popular destination like the Everest Base Camp or Annapurna Base Camp, you can fly from Kathmandu to Lukla or Pokhara to begin your trek. Flights from Kathmandu to Pokhara, Lukla, Nepalgunj, and from Pokhara to Jomsom are available daily. 

If you are on short time or do not feel the desire to spend a day or two on a bus traveling to your destination. In that case, several domestic airlines are going to major centers nationwide. While these flights are rather expensive for foreigners, they reduce travel time. For example, the drive to Pokhara takes around 8 hours, while the flight is only 30 minutes. There is also a scenic mountain flight from Kathmandu, which allows you a closer glimpse of Everest.


Ground Transportation

Regarding transportation during trekking in Nepal, several options are available depending on your trek trail.


Regular designated tourist buses connect Kathmandu to other main cities in Nepal. The vehicles are more spacious, cleaner, and comfortable than most local buses, and the drivers are more responsible. They are also not supposed to take more passengers than there are seats (compared to local buses, which take as many passengers as the vehicle can fit) which adds to your comfort.


Taxis are a popular choice for most foreigners traveling in Kathmandu. They are generally inexpensive, especially when compared to taxis in the West. Most taxis can accommodate only 2 or 3 people and their luggage. Taxis are easy to spot, usually yellow and white with a black number plate and topped with a small taxi sign.


You can hire a Jeep to access some trekking trails in Nepal, especially those in the more remote areas. Jeeps are mainly used for transporting trekkers, supplies, and equipment to the starting point of the trek. You can also hire jeeps on the journey to save time and energy. However, it depends on the specific trek and the condition of the road.


Trekking In Nepal Permits 

Trekking Permits are required for almost all trekking destinations in Nepal. Permits are essential to regulate and manage the trekking industry and protect the environment. Here are the permits required for trekking in Nepal:

Annapurna Region Permits

  • Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP): NRP 3000
  • Trekker's Information Management System (TIMS) Card: NRP 2000

Everest Region Permits

  • Sagarmatha National Park Permit: NRP 3000
  • Trekker's Information Management System (TIMS) Card: NRP 2000
  • Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality Permit: NRP 2000

Langtang Region Permits

  • Langtang National Park Permit: NRP 3300
  • Trekker's Information Management System (TIMS) Card: NRP 2000

Manaslu Region Permits

  • Manaslu Conservation Area Permit (MCAP): $100 (September to November) & $75 (December to August)
  • Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP): NRP 3000
  • Trekker's Information Management System (TIMS) Card: NRP 2000

Mustang Region Permits

  • Upper Mustang Restricted Area Permit: $500 (for the first 10 days & $50 per day (after 10 days)
  • Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP): NRP 3000
  • Trekker's Information Management System (TIMS) Card: NRP 2000

Dolpo Region Permits

  • Upper Dolpo Restricted Area Permit: $500 (for the first 10 days) & $50 per day (after 10 days)
  • Shey-Phoksundo National Park Fees: NRP 3000
  • Trekker's Information Management System (TIMS) Card: NRP 2000


Where to Issue a Permits for Trekking

For Non-restricted Permits

You can obtain these permits through a trekking agency or the Nepal Tourism Board.

For Restricted Permit

You can obtain a restricted area permit from the Department of Immigration, Kalikasthan, Kathmandu. It would be best if you worked with a registered trekking agency.


You'll need the following details to Obtain a trekking permit:

  • A copy of a Photocopy of your Passport.
  • Two Passport-sized Photos
  • Details Itinerary


Money Exchange for Trekking In Nepal

When trekking in Nepal, it's essential to understand the local currency (the Nepalese Rupee - NPR). The Nepalese Rupee is the best way to exchange money for your trek. Here is the best way to exchange money in Nepal.

1. ATMs

ATMs are popular options for obtaining Nepalese rupees. They are widely available in major cities such as Kathmandu, Pokhara, and Chitwan. However, it's crucial to note that some ATMs may have lower withdrawal limits or charge higher transaction fees. So checking with your bank before using any ATM is essential.

2. Currency exchange

Currency exchange services are available in most cities and tourist areas. However, exchanging money at authorized exchange counters or banks is crucial to avoid counterfeit currency. It's also essential to compare exchange rates to get the best deal.

3. Credit cards

Credit cards are widely accepted in major cities and tourist areas. However, it's essential to note that some places may charge additional fees for credit card transactions, so it's crucial to check beforehand.

4. Traveler's checks

Traveler's checks were more widely accepted than before, but they are still a reliable option for obtaining Nepalese rupees. However, it's crucial to note that some banks may charge a commission fee for cashing traveler's checks.

5. Currency exchange rates

The currency exchange rates in Nepal can vary depending on the exchange service and the location. Checking the exchange rate before making transactions is essential to get the best deal.


Tips for Exchanging Money In Nepal

Here are some tips to help you exchange money in Nepal:

  • Exchange your foreign currency for Nepalese rupees at authorized exchange counters or banks.
  • Avoid exchanging money on the streets or with unauthorized individuals.
  • Check the exchange rate before making any transactions.
  • Keep small denominations of Nepalese rupees with you for small purchases.
  • Keep your money in a safe place.


Wi-Fi, Mobile Network, and Electricity on the Trekking Trail

Are you planning to go on Trekking in Nepal and wondering about the availability of Wi-Fi, mobile network, and electricity along the way? Here, we provide a comprehensive guide to help you stay connected and powered up throughout your journey.

1. Wi-Fi Availability

Many treks are remote and have rugged terrain that is not easily accessible. Hence, only expect to find Wi-Fi connectivity everywhere along the way. However, with the growing popularity of the trek, many tea houses and lodges have started providing Wi-Fi access for their guests. You can expect Wi-Fi at most tea houses and lodges in popular areas, such as Namche Bazaar, Ghorepani, Kyanjin Gompa, Dingboche, and Gorak Shep.


2. Mobile Network Coverage

Like Wi-Fi availability, mobile network coverage along the trekking trail is limited. Major mobile network providers such as Ncell and Nepal Telecom have installed base stations in some areas along the trek. However, you may experience poor or no network coverage in remote areas. It is recommended to carry a satellite phone for emergencies.


3. Electricity Availability

The trekking route in Nepal is in a partially developed area, so electricity availability is limited. Most tea houses and lodges generate electricity using solar panels or hydroelectric power. You can expect to find electricity for charging your devices and other essentials in most tea houses and lodges along the trek. However, be prepared for power outages, especially in adverse weather conditions.


Tips for Staying Connected and Powered Up on the Trails:

  • Carry a portable power bank to charge your devices.
  • Invest in a good quality solar charger to charge your power bank.
  • Opt for local SIM cards for better network coverage and cheaper rates.
  • Consider carrying a satellite phone for emergencies.


How to Hire a Guide and Porter

Hiring a trekking guide and porter is essential for your trekking in Nepal. A trekking guide will help you navigate the terrain, provide valuable insights into the culture and history of the region, and ensure your safety throughout your journey. A porter will carry your gear and supplies, allowing you to focus only on the trekking experience. Here are some tips for hiring a guide and porter:

Reputable agency: You can hire a guide and porter through a reputable trekking agency to ensure you have a qualified and experienced professional.

Licensing: Before hiring a guide, ensure that the Nepal government licenses your guide and porter and has the necessary permits.

Cost: Before hiring a guide, be aware of the cost of hiring a guide and porter and ensure the price is fair and reasonable. It can cost around $25-$35 per day, while a porter can cost around $15- $25.

Insurance: Before hiring your guide and porter, you can consider the insurance coverage of your guide and porter to ensure that you are protected in case of an accident or emergency.

Communication: Before hiring your guide and porter, ensure you can communicate effectively with your guide and porter, especially if you need to speak the local language

Nanche Bazar

Nepal Trekking Questions' Answered

Q) How much does it cost to trek in Nepal?

A) Many treks are affordable, and some that are expensive. In general, trekking in the Himalayas of Nepal can cost between US$100 to $200 per person per day. The actual cost of trekking depends on the days included in the package. The cost includes trekking permits, accommodation, food, transport, guides and porters, and other expenses.


Q) Is trekking in Nepal safe?

A) Yes, trekking in Nepal is generally safe. However, trekkers should be aware of natural hazards, altitude sickness, and trail conditions. It's crucial to acclimatize, follow safety guidelines, and consider guided treks for added security. Always stay informed about local conditions. That`s why trekkers need to patch up with a local team of professionals who have worked in the field of tourism.


Q) Can beginners trek Nepal?

A) Yes, Trekking in Nepal is suitable for beginners. Choose amateur trekking routes in various regions of Nepal. Acclimatization, physical preparation, and a guided hike can all help to ensure a safe and memorable trip among Nepal's stunning beauty. Always prioritize safety, and have fun on your expedition if you are a beginner in this field.


Q) What is the new rule for trekking in Nepal?

A) A new law in Nepal mandates that all foreign hikers hire a guide. According to the new rule, hikers must get the services of a licensed trekking guide and obtain a TIMS(Trekkers' Information Management System) card through authorized trekking agencies that are registered with the Nepalese government.

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